Crossed Eyes or Strabismus
Introduction to crossed eyes or strabismus
Have you ever seen a person with eyes which do not look at the same direction at a time? Or are you the one with such eye condition whereby your eyeballs do not align? Well, just know that a situation whereby the eyeballs do not line up is called crossed eyes.
How do crossed eyes come about?
Technically, crossed eyes are referred to as strabismus. Some children are born with the condition, in a case where it runs in the family line. Children can also pick up infantile esotropia at the ages of 2 to 5. It can, however, be corrected with surgery to that effect. Even some corrective lenses will correct it.
A person can get crossed eye later in older life due to such medical situations as stroke, eye injuries, physical disorder or cerebral palsy. Folks with lazy eye or who are longsighted also face the probability to become cross-eyed.
If the muscles surrounding one’s eyes become weak and cannot work together, it might result in crossed eyes. Nerve damages could also be a causative factor. At times, the human brain might be receiving visuals from each eyeball, causing them to focus on different things at the same time. If this condition is not managed properly, one eye might become weakened and eventually lost sight function.
How do you know you have crossed eyes or strabismus?
- Folks that are cross-eyed have eyeballs that tilt outward or inward to focus on different objects at the same time.
- Vision might be impaired.
- There is a decrease in the depth of perception.
- A tendency for double vision
- Headache resulting from strains on the eyes.
The symptoms may only become obvious when one does not feel well or is tired.
If you notice or observe any of these signs, do not hesitate to consult medical assistance.
Diagnosing crossed eyes or strabismus
An eye doctor, when contacted, will perform the following tests to ascertain the status of the eyes:
- Visual sharpness test to determine your ability to read well from afar.
- Retina checks to examine the back of the eyes.
- Examination of light reflex of the corneal to test for crossed eyes.
- Rating of eye movement and deviation through the cover/uncover test.
- Brain and nervous system examination if there are other physical symptoms.
- Test for cerebral palsy or Guillain-Barre syndrome.
- Toddlers should do an eye test before 3
Are you at risk of crossed eyes?
You might be at risk of being cross-eyed if you have:
- A history of brain injury or stroke.
- Close relatives with a history of crossed eyes.
- A retina that is already damaged.
- Ever had a brain tumor or a disorder.
- Loss of vision or a lazy eye.
Treating crossed eyes
How severe your crossed eyes are as well as the foundational cause of the situation determines to a large extent the kind of treatment you could receive.
- Wearing a patch: You might be made to put on a patch on the better eye to compel the weak eye to function better. This option works mostly if you had a lazy eye.
- Eye drops: To force the weaker eye to function better by blurring the vision of the stronger eye.
- Botox injection: This injection can be administered to reduce the strength of the better eye.
- Doing eye exercises like blinking.
- Corrective surgery if corrective lenses do not help. The surgery is conducted only on specific eye muscles.
- Surgery, medication or any other treatment can be carried out as prescribed by the doctor if you are cross-eyed due to a stroke or a brain tumor.
What happens with crossed eyes in the long run?
On the long run, your crossed eyes could be corrected through a variety of treatment options depending on what works for you. Such treatment options include eye drops, corrective lenses, surgery, eye patches, etc. But you should be careful and observant because there is a high possibility for a comeback. The earlier you seek medical attention, the higher your chances of avoiding loss of sight.
To avoid a devastating deterioration, in the long run, early diagnosis is advised so you know if there is a severe underlying health condition causing you to be cross-eyed. Early treatment of the causative condition puts you in a better position to recover faster and better.
Make sure you stay informed about your optical health.
Tonika Bruce, MSN, RN, MBA. is an accomplished nurse leader, published author, and personal development expert passionate about advancing healthcare management and quality patient outcomes.
She taps into the years of experience in healthcare management to produce credible and easy-to-understand health and leadership content. Her exceptional work has been featured in reputable publications, including Forbes, Recruiter, Inc, and the Color of Wellness magazine.